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basics of critical thinking pdf

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0000005020 00000 n H��W�r�6}�W죓�`�wf:��/u���ZL3i���,&��UG2���ERT��/�H�`�����Y<8�c8��������uY�C���KR��Y �|pz5�p/�)��N�Y�i��̃��,˃�bp��&��8��q��x�W�R��(xŹ�:������O^�'W/������g���| The Basics of Critical Thinking book is designed to teach critical thinking to middle and upper elementary students. CRITICAL THINKING: THE VERY BASICS - HANDBOOK Dona Warren, Philosophy Department, The University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point I. RECOGNIZING ARGUMENTS An argument is a unit of reasoning that attempts to prove that a certain idea is true by citing other ideas as evidence. 0000001914 00000 n 0000001888 00000 n 0000003109 00000 n Please refer to these excellent references, … Also featuring interactive learning activities, study groups, and even a social media component, this learning platform will change your conception of intellectual development. trailer << /Size 46 /Info 21 0 R /Root 24 0 R /Prev 73958 /ID[<1c727fdacbd1c19a42ca27a17d1a7813>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 24 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 20 0 R /Metadata 22 0 R /PageLabels 19 0 R >> endobj 44 0 obj << /S 154 /L 226 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 45 0 R >> stream critical thinking. 0000001208 00000 n II. 0000002431 00000 n H��W�r�F}�+�Q�̬�$$�f{w�$[ΖMvk˕�A0k!Q �|�&��������)�a�s�����7�. Teaching Critical Thinking: Lessons from Cognitive Science Tim van Gelder Draft 18-Sep-03 p.3 of 20 critical thinking skills are acquired, and partly about how critical thinking is best taught. Book Description. trailer 23 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 25 /H [ 900 308 ] /L 74546 /E 57999 /N 5 /T 73968 >> endobj xref 23 23 0000000016 00000 n 80 0 obj <> endobj 80 15 By understanding the relationships among thoughts, The Basics of Critical Thinking book is designed to teach critical thinking logic to middle upper elementary students. 0000000807 00000 n 0000000952 00000 n C�}4�8{��5�p����9�l(�`>8�޹A@��g!9�u-�+F,B����6z�G6��N���8�������_��"[�X/�B��R�D�^@��,�b� The basics of critical thinking involve four big steps, each of which has various sub-steps. �,U�J� ,�t��Y��� =Y%:XQY�=䴭�v1�q�-�P壎zQ����5"�]���~����X 4L��h��ɥBCg�d��}'RV'9�vI��C�r����,]�����f^��!���g�kd��u�˵�j0���|�� 3��j��[���-3�л1�Ղ�n54X�/���9n��d1@��o��),6�\�%{�h�-���������Y)��4�v��D��cu������_��=&iZ��*��Ŧ��Df)�I�JlHzZkQ&�ג#iӲ��&��A��A/���**�ep]�U��������b�m魜CQ�����4T �聇F �;�4=��Wx� ,�Q[����ǂ>� {����_�D�������~r+d�GR`IAw3�>�:ĕI��I�8�S�E���~�� _g����_����C'p�ϴ�۰�}�X��a�g�t. Critical thinking is reasonable, reflective thinking that is focused on decid-ing what to believe or do. Some of the ideas in this book have developed in the course of my involvement with the University of Cambridge Local Examination Syndicate’s work, both on the Law Studies Test and on the MENO project. I never get tired of thinking about the basics. 94 0 obj<>stream 0000089732 00000 n 'You shouldn't drink too much. xref 0000038073 00000 n I value my involvement with colleagues on MENO, and in particular the many fruitful and stimulating discussions I have had with 0000016673 00000 n 0000002869 00000 n 0000002683 00000 n 0000001362 00000 n ANALYZING ARGUMENTS 1. �"��\3`��l�K}�`�n�l��� %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000003380 00000 n This is a shame because the basics are the building blocks for any more advanced activity, and they admit of endlessly sophisticated applications. Critical Thinking is the process of using reasoning to discern what is true, and what is false, in the phrases and "sound bytes" we hear everyday. Download full Critical Thinking The Basics Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. 0000001533 00000 n Coordinate your daily work in the most easy and complete Business Management solution for small companies. [�?ce5�f� ��J� 0000000872 00000 n Many workbooks claim to teach or develop critical thinking skills, but most of these products never defined critical thinking or try to te 2 Second, we want to be able to analyze the arguments we face, breaking them down into their parts to understand how they work. endstream endobj 81 0 obj<> endobj 82 0 obj<> endobj 83 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 84 0 obj<> endobj 85 0 obj<> endobj 86 0 obj<> endobj 87 0 obj<> endobj 88 0 obj<> endobj 89 0 obj<> endobj 90 0 obj<>stream critical thinking. Part of it involves being familiar with logic and logical fallacies - those bits of false reasoning that are used to manipulate and mislead us. 0000000900 00000 n 0000005156 00000 n First, we want to be able to recognize arguments when we’re faced with them. Many workbooks claim to teach or develop critical thinking skills, but most of these products never defined critical thinking or try to Critical thinking can sometimes be a convoluted and mysterious process; this resource provides a systematic, critical thinking method that makes it a lot less puzzling. 0000001187 00000 n Paul and Elder (2002) suggest that critical thinking involves integrating one’s thoughts, feelings and desires. 0000036512 00000 n 0000027358 00000 n 0000002944 00000 n startxref 0000029294 00000 n I value my involvement with colleagues on MENO, and in particular the many fruitful and stimulating discussions I have had with 0000000596 00000 n 0000057631 00000 n Some of the ideas in this book have developed in the course of my involvement with the University of Cambridge Local Examination Syndicate’s work, both on the Law Studies Test and on the MENO project. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000001081 00000 n The Critical Thinking Company publishes PreK-12+ books and software to develop critical thinking in core subject areas. x�b```f``Z�������A��2,@�1�w =jL���L�L_2>fz���|���IV�4s:3+��K&k��L~�n����v��NV5��ġ�A)�XД��VD�����1D� 1/Xć��!������E�fCL�ѤD� 0 We know that critical thinking is necessary and crucial for our work, but how do we get to the “Oh! 0000004602 00000 n H�b```�V5 ��2�0p4 97�XE����%�,΄hn�����D�����\�מk���m;qi��[睦�X���@�l@ �H� �pX# Ji �=@������b ��:?�3&�� �� ) $Y���&���qT]����M�u��ȱ��Fv�#�%��4{ ��4� endstream endobj 45 0 obj 195 endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 20 0 R /Resources 26 0 R /Contents 34 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 26 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 31 0 R /TT4 27 0 R /TT6 28 0 R /TT7 35 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 37 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 33 0 R >> >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 90 /Widths [ 434 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 610 434 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 434 0 0 0 0 0 0 731 630 619 722 625 0 680 768 546 0 611 551 883 813 798 0 0 640 693 696 737 675 0 0 635 693 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /GHAAOJ+ComicSansMS-Bold /FontDescriptor 29 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 150 /Widths [ 299 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 366 366 0 480 277 417 249 512 0 450 610 610 610 0 0 0 0 0 299 0 0 510 0 524 0 731 630 603 722 625 607 0 0 546 0 0 0 883 0 0 521 0 628 693 680 737 0 1040 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 512 593 514 587 548 508 531 578 280 0 540 274 777 523 526 535 520 480 487 471 520 486 684 590 521 538 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 180 394 394 0 441 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /GHAAPL+ComicSansMS /FontDescriptor 32 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 1102 /CapHeight 734 /Descent -291 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -112 -292 1229 1102 ] /FontName /GHAAOJ+ComicSansMS-Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 139.142 /FontFile2 36 0 R >> endobj 30 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2000 1007 ] /FontName /GHAAMI+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 38 0 R >> endobj 31 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 53 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 500 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /GHAAMI+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 30 0 R >> endobj 32 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 1102 /CapHeight 734 /Descent -291 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -93 -312 1187 1102 ] /FontName /GHAAPL+ComicSansMS /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 99.819 /XHeight 562 /FontFile2 42 0 R >> endobj 33 0 obj [ /ICCBased 39 0 R ] endobj 34 0 obj << /Length 1565 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream

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basics of critical thinking pdf

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