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8. Banana plants like warm conditions – they cannot cope well with temperatures below 12-15°C. Banana, fruit of the genus Musa, of the family Musaceae, one of the most important fruit crops of the world. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Looking to have some phone-free fun with the family this summer? Brighten up your outdoor space with these stylish solar string lights. Updates? The banana plant is a gigantic herb that springs from an underground stem, or rhizome, to form a false trunk 3–6 metres (10–20 feet) high. 7. You should never let the plant stand in water so ensure sufficient drainage. This personalised hanging metal sign can be printed with bespoke wording, making it the ideal accessory for a garden, shed, allotment or veg patch. 1. The individual fruits, or bananas, are grouped in clusters, or hands, of 10 to 20. The size of dwarf banana trees makes them suitable for living rooms. They may also be used to flavour muffins, cakes, or breads. To get a banana tree to flower, keep it growing with plenty of light and high temperatures, such as a conservatory. READ MORE: 16 garden mirrors for your outdoor space. Suckers and divisions of the rhizome are used as planting material; the first crop ripens within 10 to 15 months, and thereafter fruit production is more or less continuous. Common Names. If you want a banana leaf plant (or two) in your home, follow these need-to-know tips with some help from the plant experts at The Joy of Plants. Given that each banana variety is propagated clonally, there is very little genetic diversity in the domesticated plants. The banana plant has a limited range but Musa 'Dwarf Cavendish' and Musa 'Tropicana' are the most common varieties. Allow it to overwinter indoors, and allow it to gradually acclimatise to bright sunlight in the spring to prevent scorching. 10. 4. The banana is grown in the tropics, and, though it is most widely consumed in those regions, it is valued worldwide for its flavour, nutritional value, and availability throughout the year. As most cultivated varieties of bananas are either interspecific hybrids of Musa acuminata and M. balbisiana or hybrids of the subspecies of M. acuminata, a genome-based system has led to an overhaul of the nomenclature of domesticated bananas. While their origin…, …particularly, the cultivation of the banana—to the remaining areas of East Africa. Keep the soil moist, but be careful when watering not to get the soil too wet because this can cause the root to rot, which ultimately disrupts the plant's growth. 1. Although Cavendish bananas are by far the most-common variety imported by nontropical countries, plantain varieties account for about 85 percent of all banana cultivation worldwide. 14 stylish outdoor cushions to buy for your garden, The best outdoor plant pots for your garden or patio area, 14 things you need to know about speciality palms: buying and care tips, Why hanging jellyfish air plants are must-haves, 10 tropical plants you can grow in the UK, How to care for your potted Christmas tree, 6 mistakes you're making with your houseplants. Serve up chilled beverages in style with this stylish drinks trolley. READ MORE: The best outdoor plant pots for your garden or patio area. Mature Size. Position your banana leaf plant near a window where it can receive eight or more hours of bright light per day. For export, the desired degree of maturity attained before harvest depends upon distance from market and type of transportation, and ripening is frequently induced artificially after shipment by exposure to ethylene gas. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Want to create an indoor jungle? It's a great way to inject a pop of colour outdoors. The banana plant is the perfect houseplant to bring a touch of the tropics into your home. Sign up to our newsletter to get more articles like this delivered straight to your inbox. A statement piece for your garden, this stunning mirror will add character, whilst also helping to bounce light in dark corners. Each herbaceous trunk bears only one bunch of fruit and is cut down after harvest to encourage new growth from the rhizome (underground stem). It's suitable for both indoor and outdoor spaces. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This beautiful wooden tower game has been crafted from pine and comes with a storage bag, too. Although the Cavendish has thus far been resistant to such a pestilent invasion, its lack of genetic diversity leaves it equally vulnerable to evolving pathogens and pests. 6. Step 3. Desirable commercial bunches of bananas consist of nine hands or more and weigh 22–65 kg (49–143 pounds). Made from 100 per cent cotton and printed with a stylish black and white dot pattern, it will give your garden an instant refresh. Rich, well-drained soil. Black Friday Sale! Transform your seating area with this cosy floor cushion. Simultaneously or perhaps previously went the spread of ironworking, and fairly certainly too the diffusion of Bantu languages—except in the core of the Cushitic wedge and to the north of an east-west line through Lake Kyoga. Originating from South-East Asia and the South Pacific, the banana is one of the oldest cultivated crops. The plant may then flower and produce fruit after three to four years. Made from metal, these oval trough planters would look great on a patio, raised decking area or a balcony. House Beautiful, Part of the Hearst UK Fashion & Beauty Network. Salt is not tolerated. Shortly after the discovery of America, bananas were taken from the Canary Islands to the New World, where they were first established in Hispaniola and soon spread to other islands and the mainland. The dead trunk is replaced by others in the form of suckers, or shoots, which arise from the rhizome at roughly six-month intervals. Omissions? Pop in cut flowers or faux blooms for a stylish look. They slowly release water into the soil around your plants as needed – as the soil dries out, it releases oxygen back up into the glass bulb which pushes water back into the soil. A banana inflorescence in Thailand. Bring a touch of the tropics into your home. Look out for pests and diseases: aphids and scale insects are the most common, while sticky clear honeydew is a sign that there are 'beasties' living on the plant. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. 5. Three hundred or more such bunches may be produced annually on one acre of land and are harvested before they fully ripen on the plant. If it's thriving and getting too big, remove some of the lower stems so that it produces fresh side shoots. It has been made from recycled plastic bottles and is easy to wipe clean if it gets dirty. Premium Membership is now 50% off! A ripe fruit contains as much as 22 percent of carbohydrate and is high in dietary fibre, potassium, manganese, and vitamins B6 and C. Bananas are thought to have been first domesticated in Southeast Asia, and their consumption is mentioned in early Greek, Latin, and Arab writings; Alexander the Great saw bananas on an expedition to India. The banana plant is entirely herbaceous, has no true trunk, and thus is not considered a tree by botanists.…. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. After a plant has fruited, it is cut down to the ground, because each trunk produces only one bunch of fruit. The... 2. Richer and sweeter than the modern Cavendish, the Gros Michel fell victim to an invading soil fungus that causes Panama disease, a form of Fusarium wilt. Designed to illuminate automatically at dusk, they charge in direct sunlight. Banana plants like warm conditions – … Cooking varieties, or plantains, are starchy rather than sweet and are grown extensively as a staple food source in tropical regions; they are cooked when ripe or immature. 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